New Hard Red Spring Wheat Expected To Replace Significant Alsen Acreage
Glenn, a new hard red spring wheat variety, has been developed and released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, according to Al Schneiter, North Dakota State University Department of Plant Sciences chair.
Glenn is expected to replace significant acreage of Alsen. “If Glenn were to replace only two-thirds of the wheat acreage currently occupied by Alsen statewide, at current prices, it would generate almost $7 million in additional income annually based on its statewide yield advantage,” Schneiter says. “Other factors, such as higher test wieght, protein, seed quality and reduced levels of scab will provide additional income.”
Glenn has parentage that includes Sumai3, a Chinese spring wheat that is the source of the scab resistance present in Alsen, and a wild-wheat species that is a source of scab resistance present in Steele-ND. Alsen and Steele-ND are NDSU varieties.
According to NDSU plant pathologists, Glenn has a higher level of scab resistance than Alsen or Steele-ND. Glenn also is resistant to the prevalent races of leaf and stem rust. It has a level of resistance to tan spot blotch comparable to Alsen or Steele-ND. Glenn’s level of resistance to Septoria is equal to Parshall and Dapps, but greater than Alsen.
Compared with Alsen across 29 trials from 2002 to 2004 at the NDSU Research Extension Centers, Glenn has been equal in maturity and grows about 2 inches taller, but has stronger straw strength, according to Mohamed Mergoum, leader of the NDSU hard red spring wheat-breeding program.
has slightly larger kernels than Alsen and has averaged more than 3 pounds per
bushel higher test weight. The protein content is slightly higher than in Alsen
and, in statewide trials, the yield averaged 1.2 bushels an acre greater than
Alsen. In 19 trials during the same period in the eastern part of
has very good milling and baking properties, according to Truman Olson, NDSU
cereal scientist. Glenn also exhibits the traditional strong dough-mixing
characteristics that are needed when used as a blending wheat. These properties
are needed because of the importance of
was named after Glenn Smith, the second of only four HRSW breeders that NDSU has
had in almost 90 years. Smith was also the first graduate school dean of the
Glenn will be allocated through the County Crop Improvement Association this spring. The NDSU Research Foundation will apply for plant variety protection with Title V and assess research fees of 30 cents per bushel on registered and certified seed.
has been the leading wheat variety in
to the North Dakota Agricultural Statistics Service, the NDSU wheat-breeding
program has developed approximately 68 percent of the wheat grown in
*** Information Obtained from NDSU Extension and at ndsuresearchfoundation.com***